Thomas Collins


Thomas Collins (1732 – March 29, 1789) was an American planter and politician from Smyrna,
in Kent County, Delaware. He was an officer of the Delaware militia during the American
Revolution, and served in the Delaware General Assembly and as President of Delaware.

Collins was born in Duck Creek, now Smyrna, Delaware, married Sarah, and had four children,
William, Elizabeth, Mary, and Sarah. His sister was the wife of former Governor John Cook.
Collins was trained in the law, but never practiced, and must have had considerable wealth
available to him as he purchased several large tracts of land in the Duck Creek area early in life.
They lived first at Gloster on the south side of Dawson's Branch and after 1771 at Belmont Hall,
now on U.S. Highway 13, south of Smyrna. They were members of St. Peter's Episcopal Church.

Military career

Collins began his military career during the American Revolution as Lieutenant Colonel in
Caesar Rodney's Upper Kent militia and within a year was a Brigadier General of the Delaware
Militia. Collins served with General George Washington in New Jersey in 1777, but returned
home to contend with loyalist uprisings in Sussex County. He was probably involved in the
efforts to block General William Howe on his march from the Elk River, but there is no evidence
that he was at the actual Battle of Brandywine.

Professional and political career

Collins served as Sheriff of Kent County from 1764 until 1767, and was a member of the Colonial
Assembly in five of the nine annual sessions during the period from the 1767/68 session through
the 1775/76 session. He was a member of the Delaware Constitutional Convention of 1776 and
was elected to two terms in the Legislative Council beginning with the 1776/77 session and
continuing through the 1782/83 session, serving as the Speaker in the 1778/79 session and in the
1781/82 session. In 1782 he became a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas. The Delaware
General Assembly unanimously elected him State President in 1786 and he served from October
28, 1786 until his death on March 29, 1789. It was during his term of office that Delaware
became the first state to ratify the U.S. Constitution on December 7, 1787.

Death and legacy

Collins died at Duck Creek, now Smyrna. He was buried in the Collins Family Cemetery, but
his remains were later moved into the St. Peter's Episcopal Church Cemetery at Smyrna. He was
the first State President to die in office. The Thomas Collins state office building on U.S.
Highway 13 in Dover is named in his honor.
Delaware Military History
Delaware Military History